Coronavirus Hit the Tourism Industry in Latin America

Coronavirus Hit the Tourism Industry in Latin America


The unhealthy information continues for Latin America, particularly for some economies. Tourism, one of the essential financial engines throughout the area is starting to break down over the COVID-19 pandemic. Cuba has closed its doorways for 30 days, and main lodge chains have simply introduced the gradual closure of their institutions in Mexico. The tourism trade in Latin America is principally on its knees.

The hospitality trade, extremely depending on air journey which was additionally introduced down by the pandemic and border closures, is a key supply of earnings for Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Chile, the Dominican Republic and Cuba. Currently, Brazil is probably the most affected nation within the area by the coronavirus outbreak, together with Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Mexico and Panama.

RIU Hotels, for instance, has introduced the progressive closure of lodges in Mexico after measures to cease the pandemic had been launched. Sadly, it will not be the final lodge chain within the nation to take action.

The chain has 20 lodges in Mexico with over 10,000 workers. In the nation, there are 100,000 lodge rooms with 60% belonging to Spanish companies akin to Grupo Piñero (Bahía Príncipe), Iberostar, Meliá, Barceló, Oasis, Palladium, Occidental, BlueBay, Princess, Catalonia, H10, Sirenis, HM and RIU. 300 lodges all through the nationwide territory had been already closed.

Mexico, probably the most visited nation in Latin America and seventh on this planet, the place the trade accounts for 8.7% of GDP and employs 2.Three million folks. The Ministry of Tourism (Sectur) anticipated a complete of 46.2 million overseas vacationers to depart an financial revenue of $ 26.7 billion in Mexico. According to the Anahuac Center for Tourism Research and Competitiveness (Cicotur), the autumn in tourism GDP will attain between -3.Zero and -5.0%, which represents between 1,400 and 4,000 million {dollars}.

Cuba, the place many of the lodge institutions belong to varied Spanish teams, has additionally made the choice of closing off the nation for 30 days, successfully halting tourism actions that are its best supply of earnings. As a consequence, some 40,000 vacationers nonetheless stay on the island locked within the lodges. Airlines akin to Sunwing, Air Canada, West Jet and Air Transat have introduced that they droop their flights between Cuba and Canada, which is the most important marketplace for the island. Tourism is usually within the arms of Spanish lodge firms, accounting for 75% of the funding within the nation: Meliá (with 27 institutions and 13,000 rooms), NH Hotels and Barceló Hotels lead within the nation together with Iberostar, RIU, Globalia-Be Live, Blue Bay, H10 and Hotusa, making up 90% of the lodge provide. Meanwhile, Air Europa and Iberia airways provide air journey to Cuba as a part of the method of integration.


In the Dominican Republic, one other nation largely dominated by Spanish lodge companies, the state of affairs has additionally change into troublesome. Tourism has represented 7.8% of GDP. According to official knowledge, the sector contributes 24.4% of the overseas forex of the Dominican financial system, making it one of many primary causes for the steadiness of the alternate fee. Last yr, the tourism revenues reached US $ 7,468.1 million (the nation obtained greater than 7.5 million guests by air and cruises). This consequence displays a 1.2% drop (US $ 92.6 million much less) in comparison with 2018.

According to the Hotel and Tourism Association, most lodges have needed to stop operations because of the closure of borders, predicting that it’ll take Eight to 12 weeks to reopen. Tourism, as in Cuba, is the financial engine within the Dominican Republic, and President Danilo Medina has introduced a tax amnesty program for the trade. There are 18 Spanish lodges working within the Dominican Republic: Meliá, RIU, Barceló, Iberostar, Globalia-Be Live, Bahía Príncipe, NH, Paladium, Catalonia, H10, Fiesta, Piñero, BlueBay, Majestic, Sirenis, Occidental and Martinon.

The tourism trade in Latin America has reported million-dollar losses from Peru to the Caribbean reeling from air journey and go to restrictions, inside measures taken to struggle off the pandemic, and the on-going cancellations. Many firms worry million-dollar losses within the coming months. According to the UNWTO, in 2018, virtually 114 million worldwide vacationers traveled to Latin America, including 97 billion {dollars} to the financial system. The newest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer famous that world tourism grew in 2019 greater than the worldwide financial system by 4%, and the same enchancment was anticipated in 2020 till the pandemic was introduced. The Caribbean registered a 4.9% progress in visits, and a couple of.2% in Central America, whereas South America went down 3.1%.


Argentina, Colombia and Peru, three key markets, have already positioned restrictions on main vacationer hotspots, even for nationals. Peru, which welcomed greater than Four million guests in 2018, has declared a nationwide state emergency and closed Machu Picchu for 15 days. In Colombia, which has slowly made tourism its new engine, President Iván Duque introduced a nationwide lockdown, closing its borders to foreigners and prohibiting the docking of cruise ships in its ports. Avianca, a serious Colombian airline, has suspended worldwide flights till May. In Ecuador, the tourism trade foresees losses of at the least 540 million {dollars}. In Panama, the federal government prohibited all worldwide flights, successfully halting Copa Airlines, which is able to briefly droop operations. Chile has additionally closed its borders within the hopes of slowing the unfold.

In normal phrases, the state of affairs for Latin America, which had solely begun to regain progress, is alarming. The IMF already forecasts a recession in 2020 on account of a disaster that can significantly impression the providers, oil and transport industries, and factors out that, within the Caribbean, the disaster can be devastating for tourism. The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) predicts that the Gross Domestic Product of Latin America, which solely grew 0.1% in 2019, will fall 1.8% this yr (revising its 1.3% progress forecast) because of the pandemic, which may result in a 10% enhance in unemployment and 35 million extra impoverished folks. Moody’s Corporation warns of a worse recession than in 2009 within the area for a number of sectors, most notably tourism and overseas commerce. Crédit Suisse and Goldman Sachs say the virus will push massive economies into recession because of the slowdown in commerce and the collapse of tourism. They forecast a 1.2% contraction and imagine that Mexico will endure probably the most extreme recession amongst all. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has requested the governments of Latin America for pressing monetary assist for airways.


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